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Age, Dark, Sun Spots? What are they?

Hyperpigmentation: causes & treatment

Hyperpigmentation, also known as dark spots, age spots or sun spots, can be a frustrating challenge. We asked Grace, Beauty Therapist to explain what it is, how to prevent it and how to treat it.

What causes hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation can show as darker patches on the skin and all skin types can be affected explains Grace. The patches are caused by an excess of melanin (the natural pigments produced in our cells responsible for skin and hair colour).

But why does our skin sometimes produce too much melanin which shows as hyperpigmentation?

Broadly there are three main causes as Grace explains:

#1. Changes in hormone levels

Pregnancy, hormone therapies and changing birth control can cause hyperpigmentation which can be temporary.

#2. Too much sun exposure

When exposed to harmful UV rays (including sunbeds) our skin produces melanin to protect itself.

#3. Post inflammation

Hyperpigmentation can appear after inflammation or injury to the skin. Acne, allergic reactions, and skin conditions like eczema or psoriasis can cause dark patches as the damaged skin tries to heal itself. As it heals, it produces melanin, and often produces more than is needed.

Be health aware…

Sometimes, hyperpigmentation can be caused by an underlying health condition. If you are concerned, always see your GP.


Preventing hyperpigmentation

“There is no guaranteed way to avoid hyperpigmentation altogether, but one of the most vital steps you can take is to protect your skin from those damaging sunrays” says Grace.

“Wearing a SPF 30+ (Sun Protection Factor) daily to protect the skin from harmful UV rays is crucial for fighting pigmentation, even on cloudy days or if you’re indoors sitting by a window as rays do go through glass. And remember darker skin-tones are just as prone to sun damage as their lighter counterparts.”

Need some help? We can talk you through our range of sun protection products and advise on which ones will be best for your skin type and lifestyle.

Home skincare products

Retinoids, Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) and vitamin C applied topically to the skin can have noticeable effects says Grace but often need at least three months of consistent use to show results.


Professional treatments for hyperpigmentation

We offer a number of different solutions for treating hyperpigmentation, including:

  • Crystal Clear Prime & Peel Facial: This works by removing the top layers of skin and can help with discolouration on the face. This can reverse the signs of hyperpigmentation.

  • Products: a choice of at-home products to lighten and even skin tone.



Book a consultation

Concerned by pigmentation? Book a consultation on 012737489999 and after examining your skin we’ll recommend which treatments for hyperpigmentation will work best for you.



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